CBSE Class 12 Political Science exam on March 22: 10 Key topics you cannot miss – Times of India | IIT EXPERT

The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) Board Exam 2024 is underway, and is set to conclude soon. Major board exams for various papers have concluded with some major papers for the Humanities stream such as Political Science and History set to conclude soon.
CBSE Class 12 Political Science Board Exam 2024 is scheduled to take place on March 22, 2024.
The CBSE Class 12 Political Science examination carries a total weightage of 100 marks, divided into two distinct components. First, the Board Exam is worth 80 marks and is held in a formal testing environment. It covers both Part A (Contemporary World Politics) and Part B (Politics in India Since Independence) of the syllabus.
Second, the Internal Assessment accounts for 20 marks and is typically graded by the teacher. This assessment may include a variety of activities such as projects, presentations, class participation, or other assignments.
In simple words, candidates will be appearing for the Political Science board exam on March 22 for a paper worth 80 marks. Although considered scoring, Political Science is a subject that covers a vast areas of topics, hence it is essential to revise all the key themes within the syllabus in order to score well in the paper. Here is a book-wise list of important topics that students must revise.
Politics in India Since Independence (Part I of the syllabus)
The NCERT text-book covers India’s domestic political history, beginning at the immediate post-independence period till the current period. These are the topics-

  • Nation-Building: The process of forging a unified nation from diverse groups continues to be a vital theme. This includes issues of national identity, integration of different communities, and addressing regional aspirations.
  • Development Strategies: Debates about the best path for India’s economic and social development are a constant feature. This encompasses the role of planning, poverty alleviation, and achieving inclusive growth.
  • Party Politics: The evolution of India’s party system, the role of the Congress party, and the rise of regional and alternative political formations are frequently examined.
  • Democracy and Challenges: The functioning of parliamentary democracy, threats to democratic institutions, and efforts to strengthen democratic processes are recurring topics.
  • Non-Alignment: India’s foreign policy of non-alignment during the Cold War and its relevance in the contemporary world is a key concept.
  • Federalism: The balance of power between the center and states, and how federalism addresses regional aspirations, is an important recurring theme.
  • Secularism: The concept of secularism and its challenges in a multi-religious society like India is often discussed.
  • Mandal Commission and Social Justice: The Mandal Commission report (1980) recommended reservations in government jobs and educational institutions for Other Backward Classes (OBCs). This policy sparked debates about affirmative action, caste politics, and social justice in India. Understanding the arguments for and against reservations is crucial.
  • Liberalization and Globalisation: The economic reforms of the 1990s, which opened India’s economy to foreign trade and investment, are a significant concept. The impact of these reforms on growth, poverty, and social welfare is often examined.

Contemporary World Politics (Part II of the syllabus)
This book broadly covers India and international relations with respect to the evaluation of its foreign policy over the years. Here are the important themes to cover-

  • The Cold War’s Legacy: How the Cold War’s ideological and geopolitical divisions continue to influence contemporary world politics. This could involve analyzing tensions between the US and Russia, or the influence of communist ideologies in certain regions.
  • Shifting Power Dynamics: The rise of new power centers challenging US dominance. This could involve the European Union’s economic clout, China’s growing military and economic strength, or India’s increasing global influence.
  • Evolving Security Threats: The growing importance of non-traditional security threats alongside traditional concerns. This could involve in-depth analysis of issues like terrorism, cyberwarfare, climate change, and pandemics, and how countries and organizations are responding.
  • The Impact of Globalization: The opportunities and challenges presented by an interconnected world. This could involve analyzing issues like global trade, financial markets, cultural homogenization, and rising inequalities.

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